Milestones

CONCEPT EVOLUTION

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FROM lab to market

The main concept upon which the RUBY project is built consists in combining conventional and advanced monitoring techniques to derive a large set of features, which can give an appraisal of the SOH of FCSs components (i.e., stack and BOP) with higher accuracy with respect to other currently available approaches. Particularly, the considered techniques are based on Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS), which has been widely recognized as an essential method for the investigation of different phenomena occurring with fuel cell stacks. The recent advancements achieved with the HEALTH-CODE project and the INSIGHT project proved the capability of performing on-board EIS monitoring processes with sinusoidal and PRBS stimuli, moving this technique from laboratory uses to product applications. A proper integration of such technique with diagnostic, prognostic and control functions will help achieving FCSs performance improvement and lifetime extension.

The use of EIS-based approaches will foster the early fault detection and isolation and enhance the proper application of mitigation strategies, with benefit from both performance, durability and availability point of views, starting from the main outcomes of HEALTH-CODE and INSIGHT projects.

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This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

EIFER UPDATE

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EIFER REPORT ACTIVITIES 

Eifer is actually setting the test bench for stack testing activity: this required deep test bench adaptations and new designs (see pics) to allow for characterization under different conditions (normal vs. faulty), due to the utilization of harmful gases and to assure for good quality data. Even though COVID restrictions, Eifer is ready to begin the stack testing activity (50% of completion).

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

BPSE UPDATE

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BALLARD REPORT ACTIVITIES 

WT2.1. A package with data for 3 Backup systems has been shared with the partners from the WP.

WT2.2. The necessary documents (Stack and System manual, test protocol) have been shared with the partners in the WP. Several meetings have been held in the group to align on the details from the Test protocols to be performed for the stack and the systems to be tested.

WT2.3. A mockup has been made at BPSE’s premises from a 5kW system, to be ready for testing by EIFER. The Mockup contains one new stack. The mockup has been delivered to EIFER. The other two stacks will be delivered later in the project, when the testing planning requires them.

WT2.4. The first system has been sent and installed at UBFC. The second system has been installed at BPSE’s facilities. Both systems are ready for testing.

WT4.4. Several meetings have been held together with the partners to analyze the data shared on WT2.1.

WT6.2. The activities for allowing the performance of EIS measurements on-board the BPSE PEMFC are ongoing. Pre-study shows that the DC/DC converters could not be modified for the project scope. Alternative feasibility study has been made to see if we can use the system’s internal booster for same purpose. Multiple meetings have been held with partners for ensuring alignment for technical functioning.

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

EPFL UPDATE

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EPFL REPORT ACTIVITIES 

 EPFL is currently mounting a new segmented stack test bench, able to gain deeper insights into the local phenomena in terms of current density and temperature distribution. EPFL developed an SOFC model of both stack and system that captures the fundamental behavior of the systems and provides a good trade-off between accuracy and fast computation. This model was integrated in the RTO approach and tested through simulations. This study consisted in testing the proposed optimization approach in the FC stack and system under induced degradation and with different objective functions. Additionally, EPFL has worked toward developing an interface between the SOFC system and the user that allows the system to be remotely steered and controlled by a third-party entity.

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

MS3 Systems delivery and installation

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Shipment and commisioning

The Ballard system, the FCGen – H2PM, has been shipped to UBFC premises and installed.

The activity belongs to WP2 and allows to conclude the MS3

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

MS2 PEMFC stacks delivery

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Shipment

The Ballard stack (1 out 3) of the FCGen – H2PM, has been shipped to EIFER premises.

The activity belongs to WP2 and is identify as part of MS2

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

MS5 SOFC stacks delivery

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TesT station available, in operation, and stack installed

The shipping of the 70-cells stackbox from SOLIDpower (1 out 3) is concluded and its installation is currently in progress at CEA premises.

The activity belongs to WP3 and allows to finalize the MS5.

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

MS4 Compilation of data records

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Compilation of data records from SP BlueGen BG-15 system fleet

Micro CHP (combined heat and power) unit based on fuel cells are mostly being demonstrated in private homes and small commercial buildings. By the end of December 2019, in total more than 1700 SOFC units have been installed by SOLIDpower. In the following figures the map of the installations is displayed. It is possible to see how most of the units are concentrated in Belgium and Germany, but also an increasing interest and the consequent installation for this technology has emerged in other countries.

The activity belongs to WP3 and allows to finalize the MS4

 

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.

MS1 Data collection

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Data EXCHANGE

Raw data of system operational sensors (e.g. voltage, current, temperature) for 3 backup systems of 5kW have been shared among partners.

The activity belongs to WP2 and closes the MS1.

This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under Grant Agreement No 875047. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.